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What Is Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery, or “Minimally Invasive Surgery,” is a technique by which major surgery may be accomplished through minor incisions. Surgeons began using this technique in the early 1990’s, and within just a few years, laparoscopy has become the standard of care for many operations due to the overwhelming patient benefits.

The surgery is always performed under general anesthesia, so patients are kept completely unconscious throughout the entire operation. Thin, hollow tubes (ports, or trocars) are inserted through small incisions on the abdominal wall. The tubes allow the surgeon to insert a fiberoptic camera and thin operating instruments into the abdominal cavity. The surgeon operates from outside the body while watching a television monitor that projects an image from inside the abdomen.

By avoiding a large incision, you will have less postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay with earlier return to your regular activities, work and/or school, fewer and less severe wound complications, fewer pulmonary complications, and a better cosmetic result.